Leucoderma also known as vitiligo ,is a distressing skin condition. The word literally means white skin. There is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layer which results in white patches. These patches look ugly, especially in persons with a dark complexion. The condition does not cause any organic harm.
It is a pigmentation disorder in which melanocytes in the skin – tissues that line the inside of the mouth, nose, the genital areas, the rectal areas (mucous membranes) and the retina of the eyes – are destroyed as a result of which white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body.It is a skin condition in which there is loss of pigment from areas of skin resulting in irregular white patches with normal skin texture.
The term Vitiligo is probably derived from the latin word Vitilus – meaning calf and was first used by roman physician Celsus of 1st century AD,The characteristics white patches of disease resembled the white patches of a spotted calf in India. Leukoderma is a generic name for relatively or absolutely lightened in colour.
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